1997: Apa Itu Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

Apa Itu Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

16 November 2015

Apa itu Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder atau pun lebih senang jika disebut OCD?

Cuba korang tengok gambar dekat bawah ni dulu. Ada trigger something tak dalam diri tu?

 

If korang takda rasa apa apa, its good that means yang you guys ni is quite normal la. But if korang rasa macam annoyed bila tengok gambar tu, fear not. Bukannya korang tak normal. you are completely normal as those takda-rasa-apa-apa person, perhaps(?).

Bila kau nampak something yang tak organize or tak tersusun elok, kau rasa distracted, annoyed. Some people call it OCD. Tapi aku rasa OCD tu macam a little bit over exaggerate. Macam lelebih pulak. For me, I'll just take it as 'the-needs-of-things-to-be-perfectly-organized problems'. For example;


Macam aku. I have thing with organizing stuff. So I would categorize myself into 'the-needs-of-things-to-be-perfectly-organized problems' group or people. I need that something to be perfectly where it should be. Macam gambar dekat atas ni. Bulatan tengah tu got me distracted so bad.

& also, bila guna photoshop untuk buat banner and I need to letakkan tulisan tu dekat tengah tengah banner tu, I would guna Ctrl+T and masukkan cordinate cordinate yang aku nak tulisan tu berada. Not just randomly placing it guna mouse.

& aku pun sanggup tulis balik senarai nama yang seseorang dah tulis untuk aku if tulisan dia hodoh. And I hate it when people texting me like ;
"Weh Jatt jom lepak . Petang ni nak ?" or "Weh Jatt jom lepak .Petang ni nak ?"
Nampak tak apa masalah dia. The way noktah is being used.


Sepatutnya macam ni "Weh Jatt jom lepak. Petang ni nak?"

My problems are quite serious tapi not as serious as OCD. So what actually is OCD?
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly, have certain thoughts repeatedly, or feel they need to perform certain routines repeatedly. People are unable to control either the thoughts or the activities. Common activities include hand washing, counting of things, and checking to see if a door is locked. Some may have difficulty throwing things out. These activities occur to such a degree that the person's daily life is negatively affected. Often they take up more than an hour a day. Most adults realize that the behaviors do not make sense. The condition is associated with tics, anxiety disorder, and an increased risk of suicide.
Thankyou Wikipedia for making me look so clever for once haha!

Now you know apa tu OCD kan? Not many people knows what actually is OCD and they claim that they have OCD. Biasa sangat kalau kau main twitter jumpa orang orang yang macam ni or tweet berkenaan OCD. Only if they knew how hard it is to be living with OCD.

Just to be clear, ni ada artikel yang aku ambik from nhs.uk berkenaan dengan OCD.

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Symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) 
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) affects people differently, but usually causes a particular pattern of thought and behaviour.

This pattern has four main steps:
  1. Obsession – where an unwanted, intrusive and often distressing thought, image or urge repeatedly enters your mind
  2. Anxiety – the obsession provokes a feeling of intense anxiety or distress
  3. Compulsion – repetitive behaviours or mental acts that you feel driven to perform as a result of the anxiety and distress caused by the obsession
  4. Temporary relief – the compulsive behaviour brings temporary relief from anxiety, but the obsession and anxiety soon return, causing the cycle to begin again

Obsessive thoughts

Almost everyone has unpleasant or unwanted thoughts at some point in their life, such as a concern that they may have forgotten to lock the door of the house or that they may contract a disease from touching other people, or even sudden unwelcome violent or offensive mental images.

Most people are able to put these types of thoughts and concerns into context, and they can carry on with their day-to-day life. They do not repeatedly think about worries they know have little substance.

However, if you have a persistent, unwanted and unpleasant thought that dominates your thinking to the extent it interrupts other thoughts, you may have developed an obsession.

Some common obsessions that affect people with OCD include:
  1. Fear of deliberately harming yourself or others – for example, fear you may attack someone else, even though this type of behaviour disgusts you
  2. Fear of harming yourself or others by mistake or accident – for example, fear you may set the house on fire by accidentally leaving the cooker on
  3. Fear of contamination by disease, infection or an unpleasant substance
  4. A need for symmetry or orderliness – for example, you may feel the need to ensure all the labels on the tins in your cupboard face the same way

Compulsive behaviour

Compulsions arise as a way of trying to reduce or prevent the harm of the obsessive thought. However, this behaviour is either excessive or not realistically connected at all.

For example, a person who fears becoming contaminated with dirt and germs may wash their hands repeatedly throughout the day, or someone with a fear of causing harm to their family may have the urge to repeat an action multiple times to try to "neutralise" the thought of harm. This latter type of compulsive behaviour is particularly common in children with OCD.

Most people with OCD realise that such compulsive behaviour is irrational and makes no logical sense, but they cannot stop acting on their compulsion.

Some common types of compulsive behaviour that affect people with OCD include:
  • cleaning and hand washing
  • checking – such as checking doors are locked, or that the gas or a tap is off
  • counting
  • ordering and arranging
  • hoarding
  • asking for reassurance
  • repeating words silently
  • extensively "overthinking" to ensure the feared consequence of the obsession does not occur – for example, if you fear you may act violently
  • thinking "neutralising" thoughts to counter the obsessive thoughts
  • avoiding places and situations that could trigger obsessive thoughts

Not all compulsive behaviours will be obvious to other people.


Related problems

Some people with OCD may also have or develop other serious mental health problems, including:
  1. Depression – a condition that typically causes lasting feelings of sadness and hopelessness, or a loss of interest in the things you used to enjoy
  2. Eating disorders – conditions characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that cause you to change your eating habits and behaviour
  3. Generalised anxiety disorder – a condition that causes you to feel anxious about a wide range of situations and issues, rather than one specific event
  4. A hoarding disorder – a condition that involves excessively acquiring items and not being able to throw them away, resulting in unmanageable amounts of clutter

People with OCD and severe depression also frequently have suicidal feelings.

Source : nhs.uk // wikipedia

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Masih nak mengaku diri ada OCD? Haih degil!

9 comments:

  1. OCD buddy right here ! haha mildly OCD tho :D

    ReplyDelete
  2. *high 5!*

    Well I guess I am one of those OCD peeps.
    Hadoi -_-'

    ReplyDelete
  3. baca pasal ocd pun dah cukup annoying haha teruk dah ni kot haha

    ReplyDelete
  4. maybe BV pun ada sikit OCD kot.
    same with ur situation, bila bukak photoshop, edit gambar, tulisan, bentuk or anything mesti selari n kekadang benda xslari boleh hilang mood. hahahhaa. T^T

    ReplyDelete
  5. first time baca pasal ocd ni. alhamdulillah ina tak de OCD hehe. mula2 rasa pelik la jugak dgn bulatan & tanda noktah tu. ina try but still tak nampak apa yang lain haha punya la gigih cari. baru tahu, tu OCD.. btw good sharing bang jatt :)

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hahahaha kawan-kawan fieyqa selalu cakap fieyqa ada OCD lol. guess im just like you. bukan ocd cuma tak suka benda yg tak tersusun dan bersepah2 ni. serabuttttt. hahaha.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Kan. For me kalau nak label orang yang macam kita ni OCD tu macam lelebih sangat. perfectionist je la kot haha!

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  7. omg igt i sorang je rasa annoyed tgk orang letak noktah camtu :3333
    tp yg gambar batu bata tu rasa biasa je haha xD

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Kan. Annoying gila. Tambah pulak yang tak reti nak uppercase huruf pertama lepas noktah. Haih.

      Delete

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